What is Recurrent HPV?
Yes, it is possible for genital warts and cancerous cells to return, but this is not true for everyone. If warts or dysplasia (abnormal cells) do come back, they may make only one appearance or several. For most people, over time the recurrences become less frequent and can disappear completely within about two years.
Recurrence depends largely on the state of a person’s immune system. If you are experiencing chronic or extreme stress, for example, your body is vulnerable to a recurrence. Other factors that may contribute to or help trigger a recurrence of HPV include the use of certain medications that can impair the immune system (e.g., immunosuppression drugs), serious illness, surgery, or HIV infection.
The truth is, experts are still not entirely clear about recurrence of HPV. According to studies at the University of Washington and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, individuals who have optimally functioning immune systems may eventually be rid of HPV from their system. However, it also appears that at least in some people, the virus persists indefinitely, ready, willing, and able to present symptoms if the immune system is compromised.